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How to paper train a dog

Most households have dogs because these animals make great companions. Some people though would think twice about taking one for a pet. Taking a dog is no joke as these animals would entirely depend on the owner. A puppy just like a baby would need constant supervision as both would get into trouble if left alone for quite some time.

Training the dog to eliminate in the designated area is a concern of most pet owners. Training the dog to go potty in the right place is not the responsibility of a breeder. Housebreaking the dog should not be a problem as an owner have several techniques to choose from in training the dog. A pet parent can paper train the dog.

Paper training is usually the option of pet owners living in high rise buildings or pet owners that do not have the luxury of staying at home all day to monitor the activities of the pet. If you have selected this housebreaking technique, you need to select a room with an easy to clean floor. Use a bathroom or any room with an easy to clean floor to be the training area. This room has to have the bed, the toys as well as the feeding bowls of the pet. Use old newspapers to cover about ¼ of the floor area. The bed of the dog must be placed several feet away from the area covered with newspapers as dogs would not eliminate near the place where they sleep.

The untrained dog would poop and pee all over the room thus the pet must be closely monitored at least during the early part of the training. While staying inside the room to supervise the activities of the dog, you can play and bond with the pet. When the dog scratches and sniffs the floor or turns around in circles several time, it is about to eliminate. Take the dog at once and get him to the pile of newspapers. After the dog has eliminated on the designated place, praise the pet. The dog will know that you are pleased thus it will use the same spot again. Be sure to remove only the top paper from the pile so that the smell of the dog’s excrement will remain. Dogs tend to eliminate in the same spot where they can smell their excrement.

Pretty easy huh? Actually it is not. The dog has to be constantly supervised before it would use the paper pile on its own.



Dog First Aid – Impalement

Bleeding wounds, various nicks and cuts, fractures…these are only some of the common injuries dogs have but impalement injuries is not really a common injury of dogs. Due to the active and playful personalities, accidents can never be prevented and impalement is one of the injuries dogs can get. Due to the inquisitive nature that puts them in tight spots, dogs are always injured. Ingestion of poisonous substances, bloat or a blockage caused by the ingestion of a foreign object are injuries that would make a dog owner take a few minutes to recognize the true condition of the pet. With an impalement, the dog owner will notice the dog’s injury at once and will not be left guessing what happened to the pet.

An impalement injury can happen if the dog has fallen from heights and got impaled by a tree branch or speared by a fence. Impalement can occur if a dog that runs with a stick in the mouth stumbles and the stick is shoved into the mouth. A dog that has the propensity to roam, to trespass and to wreck other people’s property can be impaled with the arrow of a mean person.

The impalement injury can be so serious to cause the death of the dog. Dogs are hardy animals and some minor impalement injuries would not really have serious effects on the pet. Serious or non-serious, an impalement injury would need a vet’s attention. A dog owner may not think of bringing the pet to a vet if the small stick that has impaled the dog on the chest was removed. However, the condition of the dog may be more serious than it appears to be. A vital organ may have been affected by the object that has impaled the dog. Internal bleeding is another possible outcome of an impalement injury.

Impalement injury requires urgent medical attention but first aid measures will be necessary to stabilize the condition and to prevent the foreign object from causing more damage.

Dogs in pain can turn aggressive and an impalement injury would certainly cause the dog immense pain. Use a muzzle to prevent the dog from snapping. The foreign body that was stuck into the dog must not be removed. The owner has to calm the dog so that movement of the dog and the foreign object will be minimized. Moving the foreign object stuck into the dog could cause more internal damage. However if the object that has impaled the dog is stationary such as a steel bar on a fence, the dog can be removed gently. The removal of the object must be done gently and bleeding must be controlled while the pet is rushed to the hospital.


Canine first aid knowledge

Is learning dog first aid really necessary? Learning first aid would not be necessary as there is a vet clinic in the neighborhood. Do you have this notion too? True, a vet’s expertise would be the dog’s first line of defense against illnesses and injuries. However, there are situations when vets are not available. Dog owners customarily take the pet wherever they go as these animals make wonderful companions. In emergency situations the competence of the owner to administer first aid will save the pet from suffering tremendous pain. First aid know how can even save the life of the pet.

A dog owner needs to act fast in emergency situations to save the life of the pet. A dog owner’s instinct is to rush the pet to the vet’s but in a lot of serious cases, the pet dies before reaching the veterinary facility. Stabilizing the pet’s condition with first aid before rushing to the vet’s would give the dog a better chance to survive. However only very few owners can recognize the symptoms of life threatening situations and not many dog owners have learned to give first aid to the pet

First aid for humans and for dogs are pretty similar. Anyone administering first aid to a dog has to be very careful as stressed dogs have the tendency to attack. Basic first aid can be easily learned from animal shelters. First aid methods can be learned for the vet. First aid can be learned as well from veterinary hospitals.

Learning first aid would be easier by using the ABC approach. A is for airways, B stands for breathing and C for circulation. Following the formula, the owner has to see if the airways of the dog is blocked and if the pet is breathing. The beating of the dog’s heart means that blood is still being pumped to the body parts. Artificial respiration is needed if the dog is no longer breathing. Dogs usually lick minor wounds. The dog’s licking will be ineffective in stopping severe bleeding thus owner has to administer first aid.

Accidents can happen to the pet despite the precautionary measures pet owners take. As these preventive measures would not eliminate all the risks to the dog’s life, a dog owner had better learn first aid methods. Due to the training, vets no doubt will be able to administer appropriate treatment to an injured pet but dog owners can alleviate the pet’s pain and even save the life of the dog with first aid skill and a well equipped first aid kit.


Dog First Aid – CPR

CPR is one of the emergency procedures that can save the pet’s life! Dog owners are encouraged by the American Red Cross and other animal health organizations to learn how to give the pet CPR. One family member that knows how to give CPR to the dog will be very beneficial for the pet. CPR is for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This first aid procedure that entails chest compression and rescue breathing will revive pets that have suffered cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmunary procedure is an emergency care that will stabilize the pet’s condition after cardiac arrest.

Electrocution and ingestion of poisonous substances, ingestion of foreign object that can create an airway blockage can snuff the life of the pet.  All dog owners would do anything to keep the pet safe from life threatening accidents. Dogs have an inquisitive and energetic nature and no matter how dog owners try to keep the pet safe, accidents will still happen. Learning first aid methods will be a dog owner’s insurance against serious injuries that can cause the death of the pet. CPR is one of the emergency management methods that can save the life of the pet. This first aid method and life saving skill can give the pet owner the chance to have more enjoyable days jogging or playing fetch with the pet. CPR entails the administration of artificial respiration and chest compression. CPR can be administered by following the ABC process.

Step A is for airway. The airway of the pet must be checked if it is clear. A blocked airway will make the administration of artificial respiration futile. If the dog’s head is not injured, it would be necessary to extent the head and to open the mouth to see if the airway is blocked by an object. If manual removal of the blockage is not possible, Heimlich maneuver must be done on the pet.

If the airway is clear, rescue breathing can be done. With one hand, hold the mouth of the dog close and blow on the dog’s nose to make the chest move.  Blow over the dog’s nose once every three seconds until the dog is already breathing without help. Breathing must be at full lung capacity to revive large dogs. Rescue breathing for smaller dogs must be just enough to make the chest rise and not to inflate the lungs.

Chest compression is done to a dog that has lost consciousness and to one that has no pulse nor heartbeat. Position the palm of the hand on the dog’s ribcage over the heart. With the hand over another position, start the compression. Rate of compression should be 3 compressions every 2 seconds. While administering CPR check signs of breathing periodically


Dog First Aid – Heatstroke

When the weather turns hot humans can remove their cold weather gear anytime they want. Dogs cannot discard their one of a kind fur coat thus they are more prone to heatstroke. Dogs do not sweat like humans because their very few sweat glands are located in the paws. To be able to regulate body temperature, dogs would pant. The dog’s body temperature though cannot be easily normalized simply by panting. This is the reason why heatstroke is common in dogs.

Because of the inefficient cooling system, dogs can overheat very easily. A dog that is left in the car with close windows or one that is left chained in the yard under the heat of the sun can succumb to hyperthermia. A dog that can no longer dispel the heat to regulate the body’s temperature will succumb to heatstroke. The breakdown of cells caused by high temperatures will thicken the blood and result to dehydration. As mentioned an elevated temperature would thicken the dog’s blood but once the temperature soared to 106°F, the heart, the liver, brain and other vital organs will be greatly affected. First aid methods that will make the elevated temperature of the dog is vitally important to save the dog from death.

Heatstroke is an emergency situation thus to be able to apply the necessary first aid methods, a dog owner has to have the ability to recognize the symptoms of this deadly condition. Rapid panting is one of the first signs of heatstroke. Thick saliva will drip from the bright red tongue. Affected dog would either have a pale or very red gums. Vomiting, diarrhea and a state of general weakness are other signs. Death is imminent if urgent treatment is not given to the pet.

Remove the pet from the hot confined area at once. The elevated temperature of the dog must be urgently reduced. This can be done by soaking the dog in cool water. Temperature can be dropped immediately by hosing the dog’s body.

Wet rolled towels can be placed on the dog’s head and neck. Temperature can be cooled rapidly by putting ice packs on the dog’s feet and by sponging the groin area. The temperature of the dog has to be reduced but very cold or ice water must not be used as it will constrict the blood vessels and prevent the heat from escaping. While first aid methods are being administered, it would also be necessary to take the temperature of the pet as cooling efforts must be stopped when the temperature drops to 103°F.


How to silence the neighbor’s dog

Barking is a natural behavior of dogs and guarding dogs and hounds are specifically trained to bark. An excessively barking dog would get on the nerves of people even those considered to be dog lovers. This concern is worsened by the fact that among the behavioral problems of dogs, barking is the hardest to modify. A dog owner may be able to put up with the pet’s barking but other people will certainly be pestered by the noise. How will you deal with the incessant noise of the neighbor’s dog that pre4vents you from having a good night’s rest?

Dealing with the maddening noise created by the neighbor’s dog is not easy primarily because the dog is not yours. Killing the dog would not be a good solution not if you do not want to have the police in your doorstep. The incessant barking must be stopped if you want to have a good night’s sleep. Complaining about the noisy dog would never be easy and pleasant as you need to maintain good relationship with the neighbor that will be next door for years.

With a friendly approach you can tell the neighbor that you are bothered by the noise created by the dog. You are complaining about the dog but be sure to stay on friendly terms with the neighbor. Talking in a high handed manner will antagonize and make the neighbor defensive. Take not of the date and time of your visit as well as times when the dog has become a nuisance. These records will be needed if you decide to take the problem to the authorities.

If you really want peace but hesitant to have an altercation with the neighbor then you can make use of technology by dipping in your pocket and installing an ultrasonic device. Excessively barking dog are usually those that are kept outdoors. This ultrasonic device will send out a piercing sound that can only be heard by dogs. Irritated by the high pitched sound, the dog will stop barking

If the neighbor has ignored your complaints and the ultrasonic barking device failed to address the concern, you still have another option. Your neighbor has the right to own a dog but you also have the right to live in a peaceful environment. You can go to the police and explain the problem or you can pay the local animal control a visit.


Dealing with the dog’s worm infestation

Dogs will forever be the most loyal and loving companion of man. Dogs have made a lot of difference to human’s way of life because of the limitless supply of unconditional love they give to their human family. No person, even non-dog lovers would raise an eyebrow to the measures a dog owner will do to ensure the health of the pet. Nutritious food, regular grooming and opportunities to exercise are provided for the dog. Dog owners make sure that the pet is taken to the vet’s for the scheduled immunizations. With all these precautionary measures, a dog would still get sick.

Dog owners would continuously be troubled with the pet’s worm infestation. Parasite infestation is common in dogs because of their lifestyle. Dog owners are aware that their pets are natural scavengers. As soon as the dog gets an opportunity, the dog will be seen not only raiding trash cans and eating spoiled food but eating feces as well. Would an owner be surprised to know that the pet has free loaders inside its intestines?

Although worm infestation can be easily treated, knowing if the pet is infested would be another matter. Some worms are vomited or excreted with the feces. Other types of worms cannot be seen thus an owner has to be alert to the signs that the dog has worms. A dog keeping worm inside its intestines will vomit, have diarrhea and would normally lose weight because of poor appetite. Aside from having a scruffy coat and a pot belied appearance, the once energetic dog will be lethargic. Treatment is imperative as severe infestation can result to the death of the dog. Additionally, the worms can be transmitted to humans.

A fecal exam or a blood test would be necessary to determine the type of worm so that the appropriate worming medication can be administered. Over the counter worming medications are readily available. No doubt these medications will have an effect but it would always be safe to consult a vet.

Because dosage of animal medications are commonly based on body weight, errors with the dosage is possible so that instead of killing worms, the treatment would have dangerous effects on the pet. Additionally, you may be giving the dog the right medication for the wrong type of worm. It would be much better to shell out some bucks for vet’s PF rather than lose the life of the pet.


How to teach a dog to roll over

To roll over is one of the tricks you can teach your pet. Rolling over is usually a trick performed by toy dog breeds but it would certainly be a big accomplishment if you were able to teach a large breed with a cumbersome body to roll over.

Dogs are pack animals thus they would need to have a well defined hierarchy. Dogs may want to be the pack leader but if it is not possible these animals would want to gain the good favors of the alpha male. The dog’s eagerness to please the master makes training much easier. There are tried and tested training techniques but due to individual differences, the chosen method may not work for the pet.

It is necessary to have two or three methods to train the pet so that if one is proven ineffective, the pet owner can use another. Some dogs are food motivated; others would prefer the praise and attention showered by the master. To entice the dog to respond well to training it would be a good idea to know the preferences of the pet.

The roll over trick can be learned easily if the pet was trained to lay down beforehand. For a food motivated dog, use a treat to get the dog interested to the training. After the dog has obeyed the down command, get the dog’s attention by showing the treat in your hand. Hold the treat near the dog’s nose and slowly bring the hand on the dog’s side and over its body. The treat becomes the motivation that will make the dog roll over. Give the roll over command when the dog is seen rolling over and reward the pet when the movement is completed. Immediately bring the hand with the treat close to the dog’s body if the pet tries to stand up.

Repeat the training session whenever possible. The attention span of dogs are short thus you have to make the training enjoyable to hold the interest of the dog. Training the dog to roll over is not an easy task that can be accomplished at once but with lots of patience and determination, a pet owner would soon have a pet that other dog owners would want to have. Although dogs have been the companion of man for the longest time, these animals do not have the capability to read people’s minds and it would be up to the owner to make the pet understand.



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Why is the dog vomiting

Dog owners would see the pet vomiting one time or another as throwing up is common in dogs. Bouts of vomiting can be triggered by a wide range of situations and medical conditions. Vomiting is nature’s way of removing the objects or the substances ingested by the dog but does not sit well on the stomach. Considered as members of the family, dogs are one of the most loved pets. Thus it would not be surprising if dog owners would worry if the pet is seen throwing up. A dog owner would always want to administer treatment but before it can be done the reasons why the dog is vomiting has to be ascertained. Life threatening dehydration and electrolyte imbalance are the concerns of vomiting dog owners.

Vomiting can be classified into two categories. Vomiting is categorized as acute if it is sudden and usually a one-time occurrence. If the pet’s vomiting bouts are recurring and lasts for a period of time it is classified as chronic. Acute vomiting is commonly not a sign of a serious medical issue.

The dog’s upset stomach can result from the introduction of a new food. Dogs are not only fast eaters, they also have the habit of ingesting spoiled food and non food items. Dogs are really fast eaters but the inclination to gobble food is more often seen in dogs that eat together. Because the dogs would instinctively eat fast, more kibble will be ingested. A dog that has ingested large amounts of dry kibble would only have to throw up the excess contents of the stomach. Dogs have the propensity to eat non-food items. Vomiting that is caused by eating toxic substances and inedible objects that can cause intestinal blockage would need immediate medical attention.

An underlying medical concern can be the reason for the dog’s chronic vomiting. Food allergies can cause long term vomiting. Other diseases like pancreatitis, hepatitis, parvovirus, distemper and intestinal parasite infestation can make the dog vomit from time to time.

Vomiting is not a disease but a sign of a health issue. Depending on the circumstances, the dog may or may not need treatment. A dog would need immediate medical attention if it has ingested poisonous substances but if vomiting is caused by the dog’s voracious eating habits, treatment will not be necessary more so if the dog is its usual active self. Dogs with less serious cause of vomiting would benefit from 24 hour fasting as this will give the digestive system a chance to recover. Bland food like boiled rice and chicken can be given to the dog. Dogs with chronic vomiting must have a full clinical examination to diagnose the underlying condition.


Coprophagia: A dog’s abhorrent habit

Popeye the Sailor Man owes his famous human strength from eating spinach. Dog owners have always been complaining about the pet’s obnoxious habit of eating feces. Is it possible that dogs consider feces as a food elixir that would enhance their strength?

The food bowls of pet dogs are regularly filled with food thus the habit of eating feces was not developed because the dog is hungry. Dogs are well loved pets and dog owners would not think twice to pay for pricey dog food as long as the health of the pet is ensured. Dog owners make sure that the pet have enough food. Dog owners would even go against the advice of dog behaviorists not to feed the dog before they have their meal so as not to encourage the pet to develop a pushy behavior. Dogs definitely do not eat feces because they are hungry.

The feces eating habit is a trait handed down to modern day dogs by their ancestors that live in the wild. The feces eating habit is associated with the dog’s self protection instinct. Like any other animal in the wild, dogs too would hide their presence from predators. The distinct and far reaching smell of feces is not unlike a red flag that announces the dog’s whereabouts. What can be a better way of removing all traces of the dog than eating the feces. Generally, modern day dogs live safe and secure inside the homes thus there is no need to hide from predators. The need to protect themselves from predators is deeply established so that even if hiding from predators is no longer necessary, dogs will still be seen eating poop.

It seems that dogs are skilled in knowing the abnormalities in their system. For instance, a dog will just eat grass if toxic substances are ingested and presto! the substance not accepted by the stomach will be ejected. Coprophagia or the habit of eating feces is associated with the dog’s need to fill up a nutrient deficiency that results from eating less nutritious dog food.

Dog owners are aware that their pets are social animals thus they would set aside some time to bond with the pet. Some dog owners though may not be aware of this need and others simply do not have the time. The habit of eating poop can be the dog’s way of getting the masters attention. True, this abhorrent habit will annoy the pet owner and the dog will be reprimanded but reprimands would be better than being ignored.